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国务院关于城市优先发展公共交通的指导意见
發布時間 :2013 / 01 / 06

 

guofa〔2012〕64hao

 

gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashirenminzhengfu,guowuyuangebuwei、gezhishujigou:

jinnianlai,woguochengshigonggongjiaotongdedaokuaisufazhan,jishuzhuangbeishuipingbuduantigao,jichusheshijiansheyunyingchengjixianzhu,renminqunzhongchuxinggengjiafangbian,dansuizhuwoguochengzhenhuajiasufazhan,chengshijiaotongfazhanmianlinxindetiaozhan。chengshigonggongjiaotongjuyoujiyuegaoxiao、jienenghuanbaodengyoudian,youxianfazhangonggongjiaotongshihuanjiejiaotongyongdu、zhuanbianchengshijiaotongfazhanfangshi、tishengrenminqunzhongshenghuopinzhi、tigaozhengfujibengonggongfuwushuipingdebiranyaoqiu,shigoujianziyuanjieyuexing、huanjingyouhaoxingshehuidezhanlvexuanze。weishishichengshigonggongjiaotongyouxianfazhanzhanlve,xiantichuyixiazhidaoyijian:

  

一、樹立優先發展理念

  

shenruguancheluoshikexuefazhanguan,jiakuaizhuanbianchengshijiaotongfazhanfangshi,tuchuchengshigonggongjiaotongdegongyishuxing,jianggonggongjiaotongfazhanfangzaichengshijiaotongfazhandeshouyaoweizhi,zhulitishengchengshigonggongjiaotongbaozhangshuiping。zaiguihuabuju、sheshijianshe、jishuzhuangbei、yunyingfuwudengfangmian,mingquegonggongjiaotongfazhanmubiao,luoshibaozhangcuoshi,chuangxintizhijizhi,xingchengchengshigonggongjiaotongyouxianfazhandexingeju。

  

二、把握科學發展原則

  

yishifangbianqunzhong。bagaishanchengshigonggongjiaotongtiaojian、fangbianqunzhongrichangchuxingzuoweishouyaoyuanze,tuidongwangluohuajianshe,zengqianggonggeinengli,youhuahuanchengtiaojian,tigaofuwupinzhi,quebaoqunzhongchuxinganquankekao、jingjishiyong、bianjiegaoxiao。


ershizonghexianjie。tuchugonggongjiaotongzaichengshizongtiguihuazhongdediweihezuoyong,anzhaokexueheli、shiduchaoqiandeyuanzebianzhichengshigonggongjiaotongguihua,jiaqiangyuqitajiaotongfangshidexianjie,tigaoyitihuashuiping,tongchoujichusheshijiansheyuyunyingzuzhiguanli,yindaochengshikongjianbujudeyouhuadiaozheng。


sanshilvsefazhan。anzhaoziyuanjieyuehehuanjingbaohudeyaoqiu,yijienengjianpaiweizhongdian,dalifazhanditan、gaoxiao、darongliangdechengshigonggongjiaotongxitong,jiakuaixinjishu、xinnengyuan、xinzhuangbeidetuiguangyingyong,changdaolvsechuxing。


sishiyindizhiyi。genjuchengshigongnengdingwei、fazhantiaojianhejiaotongxuqiudengtedian,kexuequedinggonggongjiaotongfazhanmubiaohefazhanmoshi。mingquechengshigonggongjiaotongdezhudaofangshi,xuanzehelidejiansheshishifangan,jianlishiyideyunxingguanlijizhi,peitaoxiangyingdezhengcebaozhangcuoshi。

  

三、明確總體發展目標


通過提高運輸能力、提升服務水平、增強公共交通競爭力和吸引力,構建以公共交通為主的城市機動化出行系統,同時改善步行、自行車出行條件。要發展多種形式的大容量公共交通工具,建設綜合交通樞紐,優化換乘中心功能和布局,提高站點覆蓋率,提升公共交通出行分擔比例,確立公共交通在城市交通中的主體地位。

kexueyanjiuquedingchengshigonggongjiaotongmoshi,genjuchengshishijifazhanxuyaoheliguihuajiansheyigonggongqi(dian)cheweizhutidedimiangonggongjiaotongxitong,baokuokuaisugonggongqiche、xiandaiyouguidianchedengdarongliangdimiangonggongjiaotongxitong,youtiaojiandetedachengshi、dachengshiyouxutuijinguidaojiaotongxitongjianshe。tigaochengshigonggongjiaotongcheliangdebaoyoushuipinghegonggongqi(dian)chepingjunyunyingshisu,dachengshiyaojibenshixianzhongxinchengqugonggongjiaotongzhandian500miquanfugai,gonggongjiaotongzhanjidonghuachuxingbilidadao60%zuoyou。


四、實施加快發展政策


(yi)qianghuaguihuadiaokong。

yaoqianghuachengshizongtiguihuaduichengshifazhanjianshedezonghediaokong,tongchouchengshifazhanbuju、gongnengfenqu、yongdipeizhihejiaotongfazhan,changdaogonggongjiaotongzhichengheyindaochengshifazhandeguihuamoshi,kexuezhidingchengshizonghejiaotongguihuahegonggongjiaotongguihua。chengshizonghejiaotongguihuayingmingquegonggongjiaotongyouxianfazhanyuanze,tongchouzhongdajiaotongjichusheshijianshe,helipeizhiheliyonggezhongjiaotongziyuan。chengshigonggongjiaotongguihuayaokexueguihuaxianwangbuju,youhuazhongyaojiaotongjiedianshezhihefangbianxianjiehuancheng,luoshigezhonggonggongjiaotongfangshidegongnengfengong,jiaqiangyugetijidonghuajiaotongyijibuxing、zixingchechuxingdexiediao,cujinchengshineiwaijiaotongbianlixianjiehechengxianggonggongjiaotongyitihuafazhan。

  

(er)jiakuaijichusheshijianshe。

tishenggonggongjiaotongsheshihezhuangbeishuiping,tigaogonggongjiaotongdebianlixingheshushixing。kexueyouxufazhanchengshiguidaojiaotong,jijifazhandarongliangdimiangonggongjiaotong,jiakuaidiaoduzhongxin、tingchechang、baoyangchang、shoumozhanyijitingkaozhandejianshe,tigaogonggongqi(dian)chedejinchanglv;tuijinhuanchengshuniujibuxingdao、zixingchedao、gonggongtingchechangdengpeitaofuwusheshijianshe,jiangqinaruchengshijiuchenggaizaohexinchengjiansheguihuatongbushishi。gulixinnengyuangonggongjiaotongcheliangyingyong,jiakuailaojiuchelianggengxintaotai,baozhanggonggongjiaotongyunyingshebeidegengxinheweihu,tigaozhengtiyunshunengli。

  

(san)jiaqianggonggongjiaotongyongdizonghekaifa。

chengshikongzhixingxiangxiguihuayaoyuchengshizonghejiaotongguihuahegonggongjiaotongguihuaxianghuxianjie,youxianbaozhanggonggongjiaotongsheshiyongdi。jiaqianggonggongjiaotongyongdijianguan,gaibiantudiyongtudeyouzhengfushouhuihouzhongxingongyingyongyugonggongjiaotongjichusheshijianshe。duixinjiangonggongjiaotongsheshiyongdidedishang、dixiakongjian,anzhaoshichanghuayuanzeshishitudizonghekaifa。duixianyougonggongjiaotongsheshiyongdi,zhichiyuantudishiyongzhezaifuheguihuaqiebugaibianyongtudeqiantixiajinxinglitikaifa。gonggongjiaotongyongdizonghekaifadeshouyiyongyugonggongjiaotongjichusheshijianshehemibuyunyingkuisun。

  

(si)jiadazhengfutouru。

chengshirenminzhengfuyaojianggonggongjiaotongfazhanzijinnarugonggongcaizhengtixi,zhongdianzengjiadaronglianggonggongjiaotong、zonghejiaotongshuniu、changzhanjiansheyijicheliangshebeigouzhihegengxindetouru。“shierwu”qijian,mianzhengchengshigonggongjiaotongqiyexingouzhidegonggongqi(dian)chedechelianggouzhishui;yifajianzhenghuozhemianzhenggonggongjiaotongchechuandechechuanshui;luoshiduichengshigonggongjiaotongxingyedechengpinyoujiagebutiezhengce,quebaobutiejishizuedaowei。duichengshiguidaojiaotongyunyingqiyeshishidianjiayouhui。

  

(wu)tuokuantouziqudao。

tuijingonggongjiaotongtourongzitizhigaige,jinyibufahuishichangjizhidezuoyong。zhichigonggongjiaotongqiyeliyongyouzhicunliangzichan,tongguotexujingying、zhanlvetouzi、xintuotouzi、guquanrongzidengduozhongxingshi,xiyinhegulishehuizijincanyugonggongjiaotongjichusheshijiansheheyunying,zaishichangzhunrubiaozhunheyouhuifuchizhengcefangmian,duigeleitouzizhutitongdengduidai。gonggongjiaotongqiyekeyikaizhanyuyunshufuwuzhuyexiangguandeqitajingyingyewu,gaishanqiyecaiwuzhuangkuang,zengqiangshichangrongzinengli。yaojiaqiangyinqihezuo,chuangxinjinrongfuwu,weichengshigonggongjiaotongfazhantigongyouzhi、dichengbenderongzifuwu。

  

(liu)baozhanggonggongjiaotongluquanyouxian。

youhuagonggongjiaotongxianluhezhandianshezhi,zhubutigaofugailv、zhundianlvheyunxingsudu,gaishangonggongjiaotongtongdaxinghebianjiexing。zengjiagonggongjiaotongyouxianchedao,kuodaxinhaoyouxianfanwei,zhubuxingchenggonggongjiaotongyouxiantongxingwangluo。jiyueliyongchengshidaoluziyuan,yunxujichangbashi、xiaoche、bancheshiyonggonggongjiaotongyouxianchedao。zengjiagonggongjiaotongyouxiantongxingguanlisheshitouru,jiaqianggonggongjiaotongyouxianchedaodejiankongheguanli,zaiyongduquyuheluduanquxiaozhandaotingche,chongfenliyongkejishouduan,jiadaduijiaotongweifaxingweidezhifalidu。

  

(qi)gulizhinengjiaotongfazhan。

anzhaozhinenghua、zonghehua、renxinghuadeyaoqiu,tuijinxinxijishuzaichengshigonggongjiaotongyunyingguanli、fuwujianguanhexingyeguanlidengfangmiandeyingyong,zhongdianjianshegongzhongchuxingxinxifuwuxitong、cheliangyunyingdiaoduguanlixitong、anquanjiankongxitongheyingjichuzhixitong。jiaqiangchengshigonggongjiaotongyuqitajiaotongfangshi、chengshidaolujiaotongguanlixitongdexinxigongxiangheziyuanzhenghe,tigaofuwuxiaolv。“shierwu”qijian,jinyibuwanshanchengshigonggongjiaotongyidongzhifutixijianshe,quanmiantuiguangpujichengshigonggongjiaotong“yikatong”,jiakuaiqizaichengshibutongjiaotongfangshizhongdeyingyong。jiakuaiwanshanbiaozhuntixi,zhubushixiankuashiyugonggongjiaotong“yikatong”dehulianhutong。

  

五、建立持續發展機制


(yi)wanshanjiagebutiejizhi。

綜合考慮社會承受能力、企業運營成本和交通供求狀況,完善價格形成機制,根據服務質量、運輸距離以及各種公共交通換乘方式等因素,建立多層次、差別化的價格體系,增強公共交通吸引力。合理界定補貼補償范圍,對實行低票價、減免票、承擔政府指令性任務等形成的政策性虧損,對企業在技術改造、節能減排、經營冷僻線路等方面的投入,地方財政給予適當補貼補償。建立公共交通企業職工工資收入正常增長機制。


(er)jianquanjishubiaozhuntixi。

xiudinghewanshangonggongjiaotongjichusheshidejianshebiaozhun;guifanguidaojiaotong、gonggongqi(dian)chedengzhuangbeidechanpinbiaozhun;jianlixinnengyuancheliangxingnengjianyandengjishubiaozhun;zhidinggonggongjiaotongyunyingdefuwubiaozhun,goujianfuwuzhiliangpingjiazhibiaotixi。yanjiugonggongjiaotongjishuzhengce,mingquejishufazhanfangxiang。


(san)tuixingjiaotongzongheguanli。

zongheyunyongfalv、jingji、xingzhengdengshouduan,youxiaodiaokong、heliyindaogetijidonghuajiaotongxuqiu。zaitedachengshichangshishishibutongquyu、butongleixingtingchechangchayihuashoufeihejianshezhuchehuanchengxitongdengxuqiuguanlicuoshi,jiaqiangtingchesheshiguihuajianshejiguanli。fazhanzhongxiaoxuexiaochefuwuxitong,jiaqiangzizhiguanli,zhidinganquanhefuwubiaozhun。“shierwu”qijian,chubujianlichuzuqichefuwuguanlixinxixitong,dalituiguangchuzuqichedianhuayuechefuwu,fangbianqunzhongchengche,jianshaokongshi。dalifazhanqichezulin、baochekeyundengjiaotongfuwufangshi,tongguoshehuihua、shichanghuashouduan,manzuqishiyedanweihegerenshangwu、lvyoudengduoyanghuadechuxingxuqiu,tigaocheliangdeliyongxiaolv。luoshichengshijianshexiangmujiaotongyingxiangpingjiazhidu,bingzuoweixiangmushishideqianzhixingtiaojian,yangeluoshigonggongjiaotongpeijianbiaozhun,shixiantongbusheji、tongbujianshe、tongbuyanshou。dalijiaqianggonggongjiaotonghelvsechuxingdexuanchuanheyindao。


(si)jianquananquanguanlizhidu。

qianghuaanquandiyi、zhiliangweibendelinian。chengshirenminzhengfuyaoqieshijiaqianggonggongjiaotongdeanquanjianguan,wanshananquanbiaozhuntixi,jianquananquanguanlizhidu,luoshijianguanzeren,jiadaanquantouru,zhidingyingjiyuan。zhongdagonggongjiaotongxiangmujiansheyaoyangezhixingfadingchengxuhegongchengbiaozhun,baozhengheligongqi,jiaqiangyanshouguanli。chengshigonggongjiaotongqiyezuoweianquanzerenzhuti,yaowanshangexiangguizhangzhiduhegangweiguifan,jianquananquanguanlijigou,peibeizhuanzhiguanlirenyuan,luoshianquanguanlizeren,jiadajingfeitouru,dingqikaizhananquanjianchaheyinhuanpaicha,yangeshishicheliangweixiuhebaofeizhidu,zengqiangtufashijianfangfanheyingjinengli。guifanjishuhechanpinbiaozhun,goujianfuwuzhiliangpingjiazhibiaotixi。yaogaoduzhongshiguidaojiaotongdejianshe、yunyinganquan,qianghuafengxianpingguyufangkong,wanshanguidaojiaotonggongchengyanshouheshiyunyingshenhejidisanfanganquanpingguzhidu。


(wu)guifanzhongdajuecechengxu。

tuijinchengshigonggongjiaotongzhongdajuecefazhihua、minzhuhua、gongkaihua。yanjiuchutaigonggongjiaotongyouxianfazhandefaguiguizhang,difangrenminzhengfutuidongpeitaozhidinghewanshandifangxingfagui,weichengshigonggongjiaotongdezijintouru、tudikaifa、luquanyouxiandengfuchizhengcetigongfalvbaozhang。guifanchengshirenminzhengfugonggongjiaotongzhongdajuecechengxu,shixingxianwangguihuabianzhigongshizhiduheyunyingjiagetingzhengzhidu。jianlichengshigonggongjiaotongyunyingchengbenhefuwuzhiliangxinxigongkaizhidu,jiaqiangshehuijiandu。

  

(liu)jianlijixiaopingjiazhidu。

jiakuaijianlijianquanchengshigonggongjiaotongfazhanjixiaopingjiazhidu,guowuyuanyouguanbumenyanjiuzhidingpingjiabanfa,dingqiduiquanguozhongdianchengshigonggongjiaotongfazhanshuipingjinxingjixiaopingjia。gechengshiyaotongguogongzhongcanyu、zhuanjiazixundengduozhongfangshi,duigonggongjiaotongqiyefuwuzhiliangheyunyinganquanjinxingdingqipingjia,jieguozuoweihenglianggongjiaoqiyeyunyingjixiao、fafangzhengfubutiedezhongyaoyiju。

fazhanchengshigonggongjiaotong,chengshirenminzhengfushizerenzhuti,shengjirenminzhengfufuzejiandu、zhidao,guowuyuanyouguanbumenyaozuohaozhidinghongguanfazhanzhengcehewanshanxiangguanfaguiguizhangdenggongzuo。gejirenminzhengfu、geyouguanbumenyaoanzhaozhizefengong,zhudongxiediao、miqiepeihe,tuidongchengshigonggongjiaotongshixianyouhaoyoukuaifazhan。

  

guowuyuan

2012nian12yue29ri

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